Sapere Aude -- Dare to Know!

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This website is devoted to the practice of Critical Inquiry:


Critical Thinking is the use of empiricism, logical reasoning, and skepticism to discover reliable knowledge.

Free Inquiry is the honest and unrestricted quest for reliable knowledge.

Here we investigate the claims of the paranormal, supernatural, and pseudoscience,
examine their evidence, evaluate their reasoning and arguments, and . . . 

. . . .


Reality is just a state of mind...
It can be recovered.

Don't take our word for it.

Believe what you want.

You will anyway.
. . . .

Are you a supernaturalist, paranormalist, or antirealist -- and desire to change?

Are you gullible, credulous -- only too willing to suspend judgment and disbelief? 

Are you tired of your obsequious willingness to believe everything you see, hear, and read
no matter how bizarre, fantastic, or devoid of reason or evidence?

. . . .

If so, then you've come to the right place!
The Skeptic World Site can help you recover your sense of reality.

What is reality? Reality is what doesn't cease to exist when you stop believing in it.

What is the cost? Only a sincere willingness on your part to think critically and correctly for yourself,
and you are on your way to making sense of the world as a recovering antirealist.
. . . .

Start with these exercises to attempt to recover your lost sense of reality:

  1. Close your eyes, click your heels together three times, and say, "There's no place like reality, there's no place like reality . . ."
  2. Look in a mirror and tell yourself, "I was not made in the image of God. Just look at me!" (I know: theologians claim our spiritual, not corporal, self--our soul--is made in the image of God, a supposed spirit. So ask your soul to look in the mirror.)
  3. Assume the lotus position as best you can and contemplate this thought: "If God exists, all things are possible. God does not exist. Therefore, only some things are possible."
  4. Okay, I agree that wasn't very logical, so contemplate this: "All things are possible if and only if God exists, an omnipotent being. If only some things are possible, then God does not exist. It is more likely that only some things, rather than all things, are possible. Therefore, it is more likely that God does not exist."
  5. Are you wondering what belief in God has to do with skepticism? Simple: If you believe in God, then you can believe in anything. Contrary to Dostoyevsky's Grand Inquisitor, "If there IS a God, everything is permitted." If you believe in big things like creation of the Earth in six days, Adam and Eve as the first humans, Noah's Flood, virgin birth, God walking on Earth as a human, raising the dead, bodily resurrection after death, life after death in heaven with God, etc., then believing in extraterrestrial alien UFO's, Bigfoot, astrology, ESP, therapeutic touch, intelligent design, ghosts, astrology, faith healing, alien abductions, communication with the dead, etc., is easy! So if you truly want to recover your lost sense of reality, first question your belief in the supernatural. Remember, all pseudoscientific and paranormal beliefs flow from some type of religious or emotional belief that wants to be able to transcend reality.
  6. Think back to the science courses you took in high school and college. What was the point of taking those courses? Was it that you could learn important, reliable, and true information by practicing empirical, logical, and skeptical thinking? By avoiding hopeful and wishful thinking? If not, what?
  7. Imagine a mountain (picture it in your mind); next, imagine gold. Finally, imagine a mountain made of gold. Those were all easy, weren't they? One of these three images is not realistic. Which one? Now, think about how easy it was for your ordinary human mind to imagine something so wonderful, so amazing, and so completely fantastic that transcends reality as an entire mountain made of solid gold. Have you ever imagined anything like this before? Yes? Easy, isn't it?
  8. Think about this: Is it easier for someone else to fool you, or for you to fool yourself? Have you ever practiced self-deception? No? Think some more.
  9. Do you believe in the supernatural and paranormal because you find reality boring? If so, then you have a problem. Reality is not boring: scientific discoveries about nature, the universe, and humans are amazing, exciting, and inspiring -- far more so than mystical myths, cruel chronicles, and freakish fables about ghosts and goblins, fairies and angels, gods and spirits, extraterrestrial aliens and intelligent designers. Scientific stories have the added benefit of being reliable and almost certainly true, something that paranormalists and pseudoscientists can't legitimately claim. Want some advice for reality boredom? Read a science book or take a science course!
  10. Close your eyes, click your heels together three times, and say, "I don't believe, I don't believe, I don't believe . . ."

. . . .


"Sapere Aude -- Dare to Know!"

"Reality is what doesn't cease to exist when you stop believing in it."

The pages of the Skeptic World Site contain links to websites that skeptically examine specific pseudoscientific, paranormal, and supernatural topics and expose them as false beliefs. The Skeptic World Site also contains links to sites that support the truth or authenticity of such topics. The reason for this is quite simple: as advocates of free inquiry and critical thinking, we want readers to examine the evidence and arguments on both sides of publicly-controversial topics and, using their skills of critical inquiry and analytical reasoning, reach their own reliable conclusions regarding the veracity or duplicity of the subjects. This cannot be done if one examines only one side of an issue, and since the best advocates for the veracity of unreliable and implausible ideas like theism, creationism, UFOs, paranormal phenomena, etc., are the individuals and organizations who believe in them, it is appropriate to let them present their own arguments. The pursuit of truth cannot begin in earnest unless an author makes readers aware of viewpoints and arguments that oppose one's own. The only way to make informed decisions using critical inquiry is to investigate all the evidence and intellectually analyze opposing sides of controversies. We encourage authors of theist, creationist, paranormalist, and other pseudoscientific websites to provide links to our skeptical webpages if they agree with this principle.

Skeptics maintain that proponents of unreliable and implausible claims often misinterpret the evidence, misrepresent their lack of evidence, ignore the counter-evidence, use isolated quotes out of context to make unwarranted points, and use arguments that are specious, sophistic, misleading, invalid, or illogical. We believe that curious and intelligent individuals who practice critical thinking will see through the tissue of tendentious falsehoods that support theism, creationism, and other unreliable supernatural and paranormal beliefs. We therefore encourage interested readers to investigate both sides of these topics and investigate opposing websites as well as this skeptical one. The artful advocacy tactics used by supporters of strange and unreliable paranormal and pseudoscientific beliefs may work in a Sunday school class, a courtroom, a debate, in popular books, and on television or radio, but science and critical inquiry are not practiced by trying to fool the person you want to convince. Remember, we are supposed to be after the truth here, not an attempt to win a successful marketing or propaganda campaign.

"Reality is what doesn't cease to exist when you stop believing in it."
Contact the Skeptic World Site owner Steven Schafersman at
Last updated: 2011 June 11